Cashmere Guide

Whilst cashmere is known for its ultra-soft handle and price tag, there are various reasons why this fibre is considered the most elite. 

 Withstanding temperatures of - 40°C in the cold, windy mountains, cashmere goats grow an incredibly dense layer of wool, shedding this in time for spring to allow for their lightweight summer coat to come through.

Whilst cashmere is known for its ultra-soft handle and price tag, there are various reasons why this fibre is considered the most elite.
Withstanding temperatures of - 40°C in the cold, windy mountains, cashmere goats grow an incredibly dense layer of wool, shedding this in time for spring to allow for their lightweight summer coat to come through.

What Is Cashmere?

Cashmere is a luxurious and cosy natural fibre harvested from cashmere goats. The material comes from the goat's undercoat, which is removed during springtime moulting.

Cashmere is more delicate and lightweight than sheep's wool, ideal for keeping you warm in cold weather.

Not many fabrics are so much appreciated for their softness, warmth, and durability as cashmere.

Where Our Cashmere Is Sourced From?

  We source our cashmere from long time industry favourites Todd & Duncan (Est. 1867) and their decades worth of knowledge and fascinating history is demonstrated throughout the yarns they spin.
Only the longest, finest fibres are selected when processing our cashmere and any coarse fibres that may irritate the skin are removed. This provides the wearer with an ultra-warm, ultra-soft surface texture that will continue to get softer when cared for correctly.
 100% Scottish cashmere luxury natural fibre knitwear

Continue reading to discover the five fascinating qualities that make a piece of cashmere knitwear the perfect wardrobe addition.

 Benefits Of Cashmere

1. Insulating

Cashmere is eight times warmer than sheep’s wool which make it perfect for trapping heat and maintaining body temperature. Worn by polar explorers in the British Antarctic Expedition of 1910-3, cashmere is a luxury fibre that has been used for its insulating properties in the most extreme climate conditions. If you’re faced with unpredictable weather, a piece of cashmere knitwear is the ideal companion.


2. Resilient

With a simple, yet important wash care routine, when looked after, cashmere is an incredibly resilient and durable fibre. It has a natural amount of stretch and so will retain its original shape for longer. By using 100% natural fibre cashmere and never mixing with synthetics, your Paul James Knitwear piece will keep its strength, flexibility, and high-quality feel.

3. Ultra-Soft and Skin Friendly

Only fibres combed from the underbelly of the cashmere goat are used in the spinning process. The diameter of these fibres is incredibly small (14-18 microns vs the standard 30) which results in a luxuriously soft and delicate surface texture. Your cashmere will move with your body and so fibres will not irritate, even for those with sensitive skin. Cashmere also has naturally occurring insulation properties and so you’ll be comfortable and warm, without the risk of overheating.

4. Anti-Pilling

Due to the short, ultra- fine fibres of cashmere, pilling will occur. This is where friction causes the shorter fibres to collect at the surface of the knit. Unlike other yarns and blends however, luxury cashmere pilling will subside after a couple of wears. Pilling can be easily removed with a knitwear comb and avoiding hard washing, instead opting for a quick freshen up, will keep your cashmere looking brighter for longer.

5. Lightweight

Unlike dense, bulkier yarns, cashmere contains all the warmth and insulation of your heavyweight winter jumper but is lightweight enough to layer under your outerwear. This makes it perfect for ultra-cold climates or when weather may change at short notice.

Types Of Cashmere

 Cashmere comes in several types:


Inner Mongolian Cashmere

This cashmere type is sourced from Inner Mongolia in China. It is renowned for its delicate fibres, cosiness, and comfort, and is popular as one of the finest cashmere worldwide.

Tibetan Cashmere

This specific type of Tibetan cashmere wool is renowned for its strength and ability to resist pilling.

Nepalese Cashmere

Nepalese cashmere is known for its intricate texture and natural colour variation.

Scottish Cashmere

Scottish cashmere is made in limited quantities and is highly sought-after for its unparalleled softness and warmth.

American Cashmere

American cashmere is renowned for its quality, being exceptionally soft and durable.

Australian Cashmere

Australian cashmere has become synonymous with luxury due to its fine fibres and exceptional softness, yet is produced in limited quantities.

It is important to consider factors like the country of origin, the breed of the cashmere goat, and the processing method when evaluating the quality and characteristics of cashmere.

How To Wash Cashmere?

Cleaning cashmere fabrics requires extra care due to their delicate nature. Here are a few tips for caring for cashmere:

  1. Choose a gentle detergent specifically made for delicate fabrics. Avoid using regular laundry detergents, as they can damage the fabrics.
  2. To preserve the fabric, ensure you wash it inside and out.
  3. Choose a gentle cycle on the machine or hand wash in cold water when washing. Avoid using hot water or bleach.
  4. Do not twist or wring your cashmere products. Gently squeeze out the excess water instead.
  5. Lay the cashmere flat to dry, avoiding direct light or heat sources.
  6. Avoid using the dryer so that you protect the fibres from shrinking and damage caused by heat.
  7. To reduce wrinkles on cashmere, try steaming it or hanging it up in the bathroom while you shower.
  8. Store the cashmere folded to preserve its shape and avoid stretching.

It's essential to read the care instructions before washing your cashmere clothes and adhere to the manufacturer's instructions.

If you need help washing your cashmere clothes, it's best to take them to the dry cleaner.

Is Cashmere Itchy?

Cashmere is an incredibly soft and luxurious natural fibre renowned for its warmth and comfort.

Although cashmere can be comfortable to wear, customers with sensitive skin may find it a bit itchy.

Cashmere fibres are more delicate and shorter than wool fibres, which can cause an itchy sensation when they come into contact with the skin.

Is Cashmere Warm?

Cashmere is famous for its insulation and warmth, as it's a soft natural fibre.

The fine fibres of cashmere act help keep the wearer warm by trapping heat close to the skin during cold weather. 

Cashmere is also lightweight and breathable, making it comfortable in various temperatures.

Many products suitable for the cold weather, such as sweaters, scarves, socks, gloves and hats, are crafted from cashmere in order to provide warmth and comfort.

Cashmere is a warmer fibre than wool of the same weight, with finer fibres that offer improved insulation.

Will Cashmere Stretch?

Proper handling and storage of cashmere can prevent it from becoming stretched.

Cashmere fibres are naturally elastic, allowing them to stretch when wet. 

In order to retain the original shape of cashmere, you must treat it delicately and not wring or twist it when washing. Afterwards, you should lay it flat until it is completely dry.

Additionally, cashmere garments should not be hung on hangers as this can cause them to lose their beautiful shape.

When wearing cashmere, it's essential to handle it gently to avoid stretching it out.

When wearing a sweater, be careful so you don't tug at the arms or bottom edge, as this can stretch the material and change its shape.

It's also important to remember that cashmere may slightly “stretch” after the first wear, but it will return to its original shape if you gently reshape it and lay it flat.

How to Store Cashmere?

For your cashmere's softness and shape to remain intact, follow these essential storage tips.

  1. Clean your garment before storing it. This will help prevent any dirt or stains from damaging the fabric.
  2. Fold it instead of hanging it to protect its shape and avoid stretching its shoulders.
  3. Store it in acid-free tissue paper or soft cotton cloth to keep away dust and light and protect its delicate fibres.
  4. Keep it in a dark, cool area, away from humidity to avoid mildew growth. Don't store it in a plastic bag or an airtight container.
  5. Cedar chips or lavender sachets are effective solutions for keeping away moths. 
  6. When putting away cashmere for long-term storage, check it regularly to ensure it looks fine.

By following these simple tips, you can ensure your cashmere retains its shape and stays in excellent condition for many years to come.

Cashmere is an incredibly soft and comfortable natural fibre that makes a great addition to any wardrobe, providing warmth, comfort and style.

It is essential to handle and store your cashmere clothes, textiles and accessories properly to keep them looking their best.

Paul James Knitwear features a vast collection of cashmere clothing for both men and women, including sweaters, hats, scarves, shawls, gloves, socks, and other accessories.

Treat yourself to the luxurious beauty and comfort of Paul James Knitwear's cashmere apparel and feel unique and beautiful.